For Westermill Consideration Only
Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (RRO)

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (RRO) is a comprehensive fire safety law in the UK that aims to simplify and consolidate previous fire safety regulations. Here is a summary of the key points:

Scope and Application
  • Coverage: The RRO applies to all non-domestic premises, including workplaces, commercial properties, and the common areas of multi-occupied residential buildings.
  • Responsible Person: The order designates a “responsible person” (usually the employer, owner, or occupier) who is accountable for fire safety.
Key Responsibilities
  1. Risk Assessment:
    • The responsible person must conduct a thorough fire risk assessment, identifying potential fire hazards and assessing the risk to individuals.
    • This assessment must be reviewed regularly and updated as necessary.
  2. Fire Safety Measures:
    • Implement appropriate fire safety measures to eliminate or reduce
      fire risks.
    • Ensure the safety of people in the event of a fire, including the provision of adequate escape routes.
  3. Fire Fighting and Detection:
    • Install and maintain fire detection and alarm systems.
    • Provide appropriate fire-fighting equipment and ensure it is maintained in good working order.
  4. Emergency Plans:
    • Develop and communicate an emergency fire evacuation plan.
    • Ensure that staff and occupants are trained in fire safety procedures and understand the evacuation plan.
  5. Maintenance and Records:
    • Regularly maintain fire safety equipment and systems.
    • Keep records of fire safety measures, risk assessments, maintenance,
      and training.
  6. Cooperation and Coordination:
    • In premises with multiple occupiers, responsible persons must cooperate and coordinate with each other to ensure comprehensive fire safety measures.
Enforcement and Penalties
  • Enforcement: The Fire and Rescue Services are responsible for enforcing the RRO. They conduct inspections and provide guidance.
  • Penalties: Non-compliance with the RRO can result in legal action, including fines and imprisonment. Severe breaches that result in significant risk can lead to substantial penalties.
  • The RRO does not apply to domestic premises used solely for private residential purposes, except for the common areas of multi-occupied residential buildings.

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 places significant emphasis on the responsibility of individuals and organizations to ensure fire safety in their premises. By mandating risk assessments, proper maintenance, and clear emergency procedures, it aims to protect occupants and reduce fire risks across non-domestic properties.

For detailed information, you can refer to resources such as the UK Government website on Fire Safety Law or consult the full text of the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.